1863 - West Virginia is admitted as the 35th U.S. state. West Virginia was part of Virginia until the area refused to endorse the ordinance of secession in 1861. The English controlled the region during the 1750s and 1760s. Though eastern Virginia was rapidly settled, the western area's rugged terrain restricted settlement there. After the American Revolution, largely nonslaving settlers moved west; they grew dissatisfied with the Virginia government. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, residents from western Virginia voted against the ordinance of secession in 1861.
Motto: Montani semper liberi ~ ~ Mountaineers are always free A white field is bordered in dark blue. West Virginia's flag displays a rock containing the date June 20, 1863; the day West Virginia became a state. The two men represent farming and mining. Below them are two rifles with a "Liberty Cap" on top the rifles. A banner ribbon includes the state motto " Mountaineers Are Always Free". Around the picture are a wreath of rhododendrons and the name of the state on a red ribbon.